Meadow of daisies blooming on the threshold of summer. The mood of this picture is for many of us so close, giving us cheek spontaneously goes gust of heat and mix scents. This scene with us stretches immemorial communication grandparents to children, words between friends and between lovers. Kvítek, which since ancient times has given art prefigured the word "flower". Cast in its simplicity, free, clean and in his inimitable fragility. Maybe someone seems daisy plant distant past. But history repeats successfully and it is good to tell the public secrets: "The time is coming daisies…“
Today's Latin name sounds kopretiny Leucathemum, from the Greek. It is a simple description of "white flower". The oldest depiction of the frescoes in the ancient villas. He paid for it originally Greek word "margaretis", which denotes always been the pearl. As a "margarita" concept came into Latin and then in all the Romance languages. Compared with pearl flowers brought later use in the form of female names Marguerite, Margareta or Czech Marketa.
In our country, but kopretinám say "Margarita", at least for now. Formerly "pyrethrum" called their relatives from the family Chrysanthemum. Marguerites but i used to be called queen cell or daisy, always with the nickname "bigger".
And as it is with the "he loves me, He does not like me "? It will help us a great gardener Czech Oskar Smrz, who in his History writes flowers: "Known as a white daisy oracle of love. Has fewer petals and chamomile greater than or chudobička, so that when plucking them before the result occurs. Bloom, Marguerite, who in Goethe's Faust tears off, tázajíc is kvítků, he loves me, loveth me, It is our Daisy. "
What is daisy like plant?
Our home marguerites Leucanthemum vulgare forms tiny clumps of carrying smaller florets in large numbers. Richly seeds and lasts for a very short time station. We can talk about the short-lived perennial or even Two-Year. From the Pyrenees originates kind Leucanthemum maximum, which is generally more robust stature and flowers. Also last longer on station, even if there is a short-lived perenku. Since both of today, there are dozens of cultivars, resulting in their selection and crossbreeding. Emphasis is placed not only on the size and firmness of flowers, but originated many cultivars plnokvětých. Recent trends are looking for low types, creamy flower color, pestrý list, narrow petals or greenish middle. In our countries has more than breeding daisies 80 let tradice a zejména kultivary 'Česká píseň' a 'Sněhurka' You can sort the successful.
Where the ním?
Daisy meadow communities is very easy. Can freely Presevo and bloom for years. Growing their cultural forms on the bed but the experience is a bit of a different story. Can tolerate full sun, ordinary garden earth, harmless little to lighten, tolerate waterlogging. It is not true, he wants downright poor habitat. Too much nitrogen, however, leads to a more rapid aging of the plant and sometimes up to lodging blossoms. The key to success is timely distribution and overpopulation. Trs is easily allowed to box in winter frost and spring if not seating, podeschne. It is advisable to repeat this process three years. If the terrain allows us, We can also sprinkle the plants and divide it up after five years. Trim after flowering strengthen its repetition. Divide it can be successfully even during the summer.
Daisy look good in combination with drought perennials. Many of them have gray leaf, the white flowers with a yellow center nicely lighten. try shunt, sage, levanduli, speedwell or blue oat grass and fescue. You can come up with them, but also to classical rabátka with peonies, geranium or taps. For many cultivars may be counted as a late Remont, who knows how to hem a nice late summer perennials higher.
Czech garden without daisies would be like a song without words…